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ZFC1863

U.S. Civil War 34 Star Patriotic Flag Quilt.

Sub-collection: Veninga - Quilt Collection

U.S. Civil War 34 Star Patriotic Flag Quilt, 1861 - 1863, Louise Veninga Collection.
34 Star US Flag Quilt - Quilt LV 80 - VQC0001 

July 4, 1861 - July 3, 1863 (Kansas statehood January 29, 1861)



Patriotic American symbolism in quilts has been expressed in many fashions. There are certain American symbols and icons that are pervasive themes. These include: the national red/white/blue, the bald eagle, shield, and other elements from the Great Seal, stars and stripes in any quantity, the Liberty Bell, George Washington, the Statue of Liberty, Uncle Sam, the Liberty Cap, maps and buildings, mottoes, important dates, and
slogans.

The flag itself has been rendered in many ways, but this quilt is unusual for its incorporation of a flag in the center. As with many traditional home made American quilts, the plaid and patterned materials used here may be the remnants of tailoring and other household projects. However, the flag was probably obtained especially for this project.

The 34 stars of the quilt's flag are evocative, for it was under such a banner that the North was mustering its forces against the Confederacy in order to preserve the Union. Kansas, the thirty-fourth state, had acquired statehood on January 29th, 1861. But some flags made before the 4th of July anticipated statehood by adding a star early. The quilt thus speaks of Abraham Lincoln's efforts to preserve a nation very much divided.


Publication History:

Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 72.


Provenance: Acquired by the Veninga Flag Collection in 1999. LV80 (ZFC1863)

ZFC Significant Flag

Sources:



Madaus, Howard M.- Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict, VZ Publications, Santa Cruz, 2006.

Union & Confederate Quilts for Fundraising & Soldiers, America's Quilting History, 20 November 2011, from: http://www.womenfolk.com/quilting_history/civilwar.htm

Image Credits:
Zaricor Flag Collection



Hoist & Fly

Width of Hoist 57
Length of Fly 73.5

Frame

Is it framed? no

Stars

Number of Stars 34
Are there stars on obverse? no
Are there stars on reverse? no
Comments on Stars The 34 stars of the quilt’s flag are evocative, for it was under such a banner that the North was mustering its forces against the Confederacy in order to preserve the Union.

Stripes

Has a Blood Stripe? no

Crest/Emblem

Description of Crest/Emblem Centered in the quilt is a silk 34 star U.S. flag.

Nationality

Nation Represented United States

Fabric

Fabric Cotton
Comments on Fabric Cotton quilt with a silk flag. Fabric had previously been identified as "Silk/Cotton", but was corrected to cotton on 1 October 2008 by Jim Ferrigan.

Stitching

Stitching Hand

Weave

Type of Weave Plain

Documentation

Documents
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.
Drawings
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.

Condition

Condition Fair
Damage Quilt is used, worn and tattered.
Needs conservation.
Displayable yes

Date

Date 1863 -1865

Publications

Publication Copy Publication History:

Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 72.

"Quilt with 34-Star United States Flag

Patriotic American symbolism in quilts has been
expressed in many ways. The national red-white-blue
colors; the eagle, shield, and other elements from the
Great Seal; stars and stripes in any quantity; symbols
such as the Liberty Bell, George Washington, the
Statue of Liberty, Uncle Sam, the Liberty Cap, etc.;
maps and buildings; as well as mottoes, dates, and
slogans are constant themes. The flag itself has been
rendered in many ways, but this quilt is unusual for
its incorporation of an actual flag in the center.
The plaid and patterned materials used here may
have been remnants found in the quilter's sewing
basket, but the flag was probably bought especially
for this project. The 34 stars of the flag suggest the
motivation behind the design: under this banner
the North was mustering its forces against the
Confederacy in order to preserve the Union.
(Kansas, the thirty-fourth state, had acquired statehood
on January 29th, 186l, but some flags made
before the 4th of July anticipated statehood by
adding a star early.) The quilt thus speaks of
Abraham Lincoln's efforts to preserve national
unity at a time when it was directly threatened

Date:1861 - 1863
Size:57" wide x 73.5" long
34 Stars:
July 4, 1861 - July 3, 1863 (Kansas statehood
January 29, 1861)
Media:Silk; printed silk all hand-sewn
Provenance:
Acquired by the Veninga Flag
Collection in 1999.
LV80 " (ZFC1863)