Obverse - 2

Obverse - 2

REVERSE

REVERSE

REVERSE

REVERSE

Obverse

Obverse

Obverse

Obverse

Book Photo

Book Photo

Kimmins

Kimmins

ZFC0228

U.K. Royal Navy - D-Day White Ensign

Sub-collection: Bullock // WWII Naval Battle Flag

The navy ensign leading the famous British D-Day assault on Normandy
This white ensign was formerly part of the collection of Wall Street financier, business man and promoter of Anglo-American goodwill, Calvin Bullock. His 1 Wall street offices in New York City contained the world leading collections of memorabilia pertaining to Napoleon & Lord Nelson. In the 1930s he sought to collect Confederate Flags and during World War II he acquired a representative collection of US, British, French and other allied ensigns from his many international, military and naval acquaintances. After his death in 1944 his son, Hugh Bullock kept the flags on display as a memorial to his late father.

In 1864 the English Admiralty decided to end the ambiguity caused by the Red Ensign being both a civil ensign and a naval ensign, and the White Ensign became the sole ensign of the Royal Navy. It was also used by vessels from the Empire serving with the Royal Navy.

This battle ensign was on the leading Royal Navy ship of the invasion that assaulted the Normandy beaches on June 6, 1944. Calvin Bullock was the intended recipient of this flag and also a German war ensign (see ZFC1074) captured by British Forces in the attack on Bayeux days after the landings. Commander Anthony Kimmins secured the flags for Bullock for his return visit to New York. However when he arrived to present them Calvin Bullock had died two days before. In his book, "Half Time" published in 1947, Kimmins relates the story:

"About a fortnight after D-Day I was again sent over to the United States...True to form, I had two more flags for Mr. Calvin Bullock's museum in my suitcase-the tattered White Ensign of our leading ship in the invasion, and the swastika (ZFC1074) which had been flying above the Hun headquarters in Bayeux... I learnt that he had died of a heart attack a few days before my arrival... Fortunately he left his son Hugh, a man who will carry on his father's great traditions, and I was proud to present the flags to him at the first meeting of the Forum after his father's death."

Although wartime constraints precluded Commander Kimmins from revealing the name of the ship from which this flag came, subsequent research indicates that it was most likely the HMS Scylla, as the flagship was the British Headquarters Eastern Task Force on D-Day.

The Bullock documents record the transfer of the flags from Commander Kimmins to the Bullock family. "Ensign flown through the operation of the leading ship of one of the assualt forces. (Normandy D-Day) (From Commander Anthony Kimmins, R.N. - June 23, 1944)" Text on hoist : "ENSIGN White 8 BD" This White Ensign was the 10th flag on the "West wall clockwise from S.W. door in Lecture Room." There it hung for many years after Bullock's death being retired in the 1980s only after the death of his son Hugh.

Exhibition History:

First Presidio Exhibit
(ZFC0228)
English Royal Navy, "White Ensign", From The Lead Ship In The Invasion Of Normandy On D-Day

Second Presidio Exhibit,
2003 - GALLERY VI
(ZFC0228)
British Royal Navy White Ensign from the Invasion of Normandy on D-Day

Publication History:
Kimmins, Anthony, Half-Time: The Autobiography of Captain Anthony Kimmins, London, William Heinemann Ltd., 1947, P. 246.

Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 125.


Provenance:
• Royal Navy Lead Vessel,
• Acquired by Royal Navy Commander Anthony Kimmins on 6 June 1944.
• Intended for the Calvin Bullock Collection, Presented to Hugh Bullock, New York, New York, 23 June 1944.
• Purchased for the Zaricor Flag Collection by private treaty from the estate of Calvin Bullock, New York City, 1997.



ZFC Significant Flag
Item is Framed

Sources:
Kimmins, Anthony, Half-Time: The Autobiography of Captain Anthony Kimmins, London, William Heinemann Ltd., 1947.

United Kingdom: the White Ensign, Flags of the World, 17 November 2011, from: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/gb-ensw.html

White Ensign, Wikipedia, 17 November 2011, from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Ensign

THE COLOURS OF THE FLEET, The Flag Institute, 17 November 2011, from: http://www.flaginstitute.org/pdfs/the_colours_of_the_fleet.pdf

HMS Scylla, Wikipedia, 17 November 2011, from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Scylla_%2898%29

EASTERN TASK FORCE, D Day Ships, 17 November 2011, from: http://www.jeroenkoppes.com/ww2/ships/default.asp

Image Credits:
Zaricor Flag Collection



Hoist & Fly

Width of Hoist 72
Length of Fly 130

Union/Canton

Width of Union/Canton 36
Length of Union/Canton 70

Frame

Is it framed? yes
Frame Height 78.5
Frame Length 146.5

Stars

Are there stars on obverse? no
Are there stars on reverse? no

Stripes

Has a Blood Stripe? no

Nationality

Nation Represented United Kingdom

Fabric

Fabric Wool
Comments on Fabric Bunting

Stitching

Stitching Machine

Applica

Applique Sides Single Faced = Mirror Image Reverse

Documentation

Documents




Public Copy & Signs




Condition

Condition Fair
Damage Holes in the fly mid section.
Tear on fly end.
Soiled and Sooty, but not very bad.
Displayable yes

Date

Date 1944

Exhibits

Exhibition Copy First Presidio Exhibit
(ZFC0228)
ENGLISH ROYAL NAVY, WHITE ENSIGN, FROM THE LEAD SHIP IN THE INVASION OF NORMANDY ON D-DAY
Date: 1944
Medium: Wool bunting; machine sewn
Comment: In the American mind the national flag of Great Britain consists of the combined red cross of St. George, white cross of St. Andrew, and red cross of St. Patrick against a dark blue field. While this is the land flag of Great Britain, ships registered under the British flag fly the red, the blue, or the white ensign. The red and the blue ensigns consist of either a red or a blue field bearing the Union Jack in the upper, hoist corner as a canton. The white ensign is reserved for vessels in the Royal service. The white ensign actually consists of a white field quartered by the red cross of St. George, with the Union Jack in the upper, hoist corner. This white ensign was flown aboard the lead warship that led our British allies to Juno and Sword Beaches on the Normandy Coast on D-Day, the 6th of June, 1944. Two weeks later, this flag was sent as a gift to collector, Calvin Bullock of New York to display in his collection.

Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0228) in 1997 from the estate of Calvin Bullock of New York City; gifted to Calvin Bullock by Royal Naval Commander Anthony Kimmins on June 23rd, 1944.


Second Presidio Exhibit, 2003 - GALLERY VI
(ZFC0228)
British Royal Navy White Ensign from the Invasion of Normandy on D-Day

Date: 1944
Medium: Wool bunting; machine-sewn
Comment: Most Americans think of the national flag of Great Britain as combining the red cross of St. George, white cross of St. Andrew, and red cross of St. Patrick against a dark blue field. While this is the state (government) flag of Great Britain, ships registered there fly either the Red, Blue, or White Ensign. The Red and the Blue Ensigns consist of a red (or blue) field bearing the Union Jack in the hoist corner as a canton. The White Ensign is reserved for vessels of the Royal Navy. The White Ensign consists of a white field quartered by the red Cross of St. George, with the Union Jack in the upper hoist corner. This White Ensign was flown aboard the warship that led Americas British allies to Juno and Sword Beaches on the Normandy Coast on D-Day, June 6, 1944. Two weeks later, this flag was sent as a gift to Calvin Bullock of New York City to display in his collection.

Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0228) in 1997 from the estate of Calvin Bullock of New York City; gifted to Calvin Bullock by Royal Navy Commander Anthony Kimmins on June 23, 1944.
PDF for Publications
Anthony Kimmins - Half Time

Publications

Publication Copy Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 125.

British Royal Navy White Ensign from the Invasion of Normandy on D-Day

Most Americans think of the national flag of Great Britain as combining the red cross of St. George, white cross of St. Andrew, and red cross of St. Patrick against a dark blue field. While this is the state (government) flag of Great Britain, ships registered there fly either the Red, Blue, or White Ensign. The Red and the Blue Ensigns consist of a red (or blue) field bearing the Union Jack in the hoist corner as a canton. The White Ensign is reserved for vessels of the Royal Navy. The White Ensign consists of a white field quartered by the red Cross of St. George, with the Union Jack in the upper hoist corner.

This White Ensign was flown aboard the leading ship of one of the assault forces to the Normandy Coast on D-Day, June 6, 1944. Two weeks later, this flag was sent as a gift to Calvin Bullock of New York City to display in his collection.

Date: 1944
Size: 71" hoist x 130" fly
Medium: Wool bunting; machine-sewn
Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection in 1997 from the estate of Calvin Bullock of New York City; gifted to Calvin Bullock by Royal Navy Commander Anthony Kimmins on June 23, 1944.