13 Star Flag - proposed Confederate States

Sub-collection: Crow Art Partnership Collection

13 Star Confederate States of America Provisional Flag - made while Confederate government still forming.
When the recently seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama to form a new government one of the tasks that accompanied the building of their new nation was the selection of a national flag. While the Confederate Provisional Congress would complete this task on March 4, 1861, patriots and entrepreneurs alike made provisional flags representing the seceded states before that date.

One common variant of these flags was a U.S. style flag with seven stripes which represented the original seven Southern states which seceded from the Union from December, 1860 to early March, 1861. The cantons usually contained stars representing some number of actual or anticipated Confederate states.

Additionally, this flag's design is striking in its similarity to designs used during the American Revolution period. During this period of early secession, many in the Confederacy believed that the Confederate states closely represented the ideals of the American Revolution and therefore the adaptation of the 13 stars drew upon this assumption.

The catalog description of this flag identified it as a 13 Star U.S. Navy Boat flag, circa 1863. The flag's stars are depicted in a 4-5-4 configuration, and it is made of wool bunting, 32" x 58" inches. The hoist bears the flag maker's name: "H. Korn, Philadelphia"."

This flag has only seven stripes, indicating that this in not a U.S. Navy Boat flag but rather was a flag that was similar in size to a boat flag which was made to represent the nascent Confederate States of America in early 1861. Flags of this type are extremely rare and are usually misidentified when discovered.

• Made by H. Korn of Philadelphia, 1861
• By repute CSA, 1861
• Acquired by Richard H. Keller who sold it to the Crow Art Partnership Collection, 1986.
• Acquired at auction from the Crow Art Partnership Collection, Dallas, Texas, via Heritage Auction Inc., at the 24 June 2007, Civil War Grand Format Auction, in Gettysburg, PA.

ZFC Significant Flag


Rejected Proposals for the Confederate Flag, Flags of the Confederacy, 14 November 2011, from:

Bazelon, Bruce S., William F. McGuinn, A Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers 1785-1915, Manassas, REF Typesetting & Publishing, Inc., 1999.

Martucci, Dave, The Contest for a Confederate National Flag, Flags of the Confederacy, 15 November 2011, from:

Image Credits:
Zaricor Flag Collection
Heritage Auctions

Hoist & Fly

Width of Hoist 31
Length of Fly 59


Width of Union/Canton 18
Length of Union/Canton 28.75


Comments on Star Measurements 4,5,4 pattern is a revolutionary star pattern which was revived by the Navy in 1854 because it was easier to identify at a distance.


Width of 1st Stripe 4.75
Width of 3rd Stripe 4.75
Width of Last Stripe 5
Size of Hoist 2


Is it framed? no


Number of Stars 13
How are the stars embeded? Double Applique
Are there stars on obverse? yes
Are there stars on reverse? yes


Number of Stripes 7
Color of Top Stripe Red
Color of Bottom Stripe Red
Has a Blood Stripe? yes


Nation Represented Confederate States


Fabric Wool


Stitching Hand


Type of Weave Plain


Comments on Method of Attachmen Eyelet or grommett through header
Method of Attachment Whip-stitched


Applique Sides Single Faced = Mirror Image Reverse


All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.
Research Documents

Public Copy & Signs
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.


Condition Good
Damage Used, worn, some fabric is missing. Due to its condition, it needs mounting/framed or to lye flat 100% of the time when not in a frame.
Displayable yes


Date Dec 1860 - April 1861