Framed Obverse

Framed Obverse

Framed Obverse - 2

Framed Obverse - 2

Framed Obverse Canton

Framed Obverse Canton

Reverse Hiost Details

Reverse Hiost Details

Obverse oblique

Obverse oblique

Obverse oblique - 2

Obverse oblique - 2

Obverse oblique - 3

Obverse oblique - 3

Reverse Canton

Reverse Canton

Detail

Detail

Weems, Life of Washington, 1815, Plate 114, The Surrender of Cornwallis, flag with large center star

Weems, Life of Washington, 1815, Plate 114, The Surrender of Cornwallis, flag with large center star

Weems, Life of Washington, 1815, Plate 114, The Surrender of Cornwallis, flag with large center star , enlargement

Weems, Life of Washington, 1815, Plate 114, The Surrender of Cornwallis, flag with large center star , enlargement

Weems, Life of Washington, 1815, Plate 114, The Surrender of Cornwallis, flag with large center star , detail

Weems, Life of Washington, 1815, Plate 114, The Surrender of Cornwallis, flag with large center star , detail

ZFC2497

U.S. 13 Star - Old Sandy Point Lighthouse.

Sub-collection: Crow Art Partnership Collection

13 Star US Flag, four-five-four star pattern design with a large center star, Early Federal Period.
This wool, 4-5-4 star pattern with a large center star 13 Star United States flag, is one of the earliest documented American flags in existence. From the Old Sandy Point Lighthouse, New York in the 1790s, it was made shortly after the government was formed and flown under the authority of the Department of Treasury's Lighthouse Establishment, one of the federal government's first bureaucracies.

The flag is a sturdy, if crudely made maritime flag, which utilizes twill woven heavy cotton for both the stars and the header; its most startling feature is the large center star in the middle of the center row. The use of a large center star was a fixture in early American flags, but its appearance on a, period 13 star flag indicates that this motif has been used on United States flag since the beginnings of the Republic.

This star pattern is remarkably similar to another rectilinear star pattern, with a larger center star, as depicted in the 1815 edition Mason Locke Weems' The Life of Washington. In it Plate 114 "Surrender of Cornwallis" purports to illustrate Washington's Headquarters at Yorktown, which is flying a similar American flag. The occurrence of this image in a popular pamphlet supports the theory that this star pattern was in the "public imagination" since the earliest days of the U.S.

The Old Sandy Point Lighthouse, designed and built in 1764 by Isaac Conro, is located near the very tip of a hook-shaped sandy spit, in New Jersey, and is the oldest working lighthouse in the United States. After the Revolutionary War, a dispute over dominion of the lighthouse broke out between New Jersey and New York. However, Congress resolved the dispute on August 7, 1789 when they gave control of all lighthouses to the federal government. As a result, lighthouses became one of the first civil establishments that needed to be identified as federal rather than state property.


Exhibition History:

Crow Art Partnership, Dallas, Texas

Private Showing
Night of Flags
In celebration of George Washington's Birthday
The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America in California
Patriotic Services Committee
Thursday, February 26, 2009
Octagon House, San Francisco
5:30pm - 7:30 pm

Provenance:
• Old Sandy Point Lighthouse, 1789
• Acquired by Richard H. Keller of Great War Militaria, Chambersburg, PA until 1985.
• Crow Art Partnership Collection, Dallas Texas, until 2007.
• Acquired at auction from the Crow Art Partnership Collection, Dallas, Texas, via Heritage Auction Inc., at the 24 June 2007, Civil War Grand Format Auction, in Gettysburg, PA.

ZFC Significant Flag
Item is Framed

Sources:



Goody, Rabbit, ZFC2497 Analysis Notes, examination and research for Ben Zaricor, April 2009, Zaricor Flag Collection Archives

Sandy Hook Lighthouse, Wikipedia, 24 October 2011, from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandy_Hook_Light

Sandy Hook Light,National Park Service, 24 October 2011, from: http://cr.nps.gov/maritime/nhl/sandy.htm

Sandy Hook Light, National Park Service, 24 October 2011, from: http://www.nps.gov/gate/planyourvisit/upload/sh_lighthouse-1.pdf

Sandy Hook, NJ, Lighthouse Friends, 24 October, 2011, from: http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=378

Image Credits:
Zaricor Flag Collection



Hoist & Fly

Width of Hoist 44
Length of Fly 75

Union/Canton

Width of Union/Canton 21
Length of Union/Canton 29

Stars

Comments on Star Measurements 4-5-4 horizontal rows

First row shows an intentional spacing between 2nd and 3rd stars for possible inclusion of another star at a later date. Second row 3rd star is larger than the others.

Stripes

Width of 1st Stripe 3.75
Width of 3rd Stripe 3.75
Width of 8th Stripe 3.5
Width of Last Stripe 3.375
Size of Hoist 1.5

Frame

Is it framed? yes
Frame Height 50
Frame Length 81

Stars

Number of Stars 13
How are the stars embeded? Applique
Are there stars on obverse? yes
Are there stars on reverse? yes

Stripes

Number of Stripes 13
Color of Top Stripe Red
Color of Bottom Stripe Red
Has a Blood Stripe? no

Fabric

Fabric Wool
Comments on Fabric Wool, Cotton or linen stars, undetermined due to the frame covering the flag.
Bunting

Stitching

Stitching Hand

Attachment

Comments on Method of Attachmen Small rope sewn into hoist
Rope through header
Method of Attachment Roped-header

Applica

Applique Sides Single Faced = Mirror Image Reverse

Documentation

Documents














Research Documents















Condition

Condition Excellent
Damage Used, worn, repaired.
Displayable yes

Date

Date 1789 -1795