Book Photo

Book Photo

REverse - 2

REverse - 2

Obverse - 2

Obverse - 2

Echoes of Glory P.269

Echoes of Glory P.269

ZFC0411

U.S Army, Sand's Ohio Battery, 1862

Sub-collection: Howard M. Madaus - Civil War & 19th Century Military Collection

U.S. Army Light Artillery Guidon, Sand's 11th Ohio Battery with Battle Honors.
The Howard Michael Madaus sub-collection of Civil War Military Flags was assembled from a variety of sources over a thirty year period of collecting (1970-2000) before being acquired by the Zaricor Collection in 2000. The sub-collection attempts to present an example of each of the major types of depot contractor regulation flags and colors carried by Union forces at the basic unit level, i.e. regiment, battalion, company, and battery, as well as the types of general military flags.

This sub-collection which was added to the Zaricor Civil War collection constitutes the largest and (while not complete) most comprehensive collection of the military flags carried by the Union Army during the Civil War outside of state repositories designated by the War Department for the disposition of these flags after the War, or in public museum collections. In fact this private collection is larger and more comprehensive than many of the public museum collections in the United States.

The silk field is formed in the shape of a swallowtail (25.5 inches from the staff to the cut of the swallowtail) and is composed of two horizontal bars, the top bar red and the bottom bar white, which are joined by hand stitching. Upon the upper, red bar is the inscription: "SANDS' " over "Ohio Battery." in 2 1/2" high upper and lower case gold Roman letters; while on the lower white bar are the battle honors: "NEW MADRID." and " ISLAND 10.", each in 2 1/2" high gold block letters. The flag is attached with a black cotton sleeve, added by the conservator at the time of the flags conservation.

The text on the tag reads: "Light Artillery Battery Guidon Sands' (11th) Ohio Battery". The text on the flag is painted in gold and reads "Battle honors; New Madrid // Island No. 10." This guidon was used by Ohio troops in the western theatre of the American Civil War.

Exhibition History
First Presidio Exhibit, 2003

Second Presidio Exhibit, 2003 - Gallery III
(ZFC0411)
United States Army Light Artillery Guidon Sands 11th Ohio Battery


Publication History:
Woodhead, Henry, Editor, Howard Michael Madaus, Civil War Flag Authority Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of The Union - Flags. Alexandria, Time-Life Books, 1998. P.269.

Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 80.



Provenance:
• U.S Army, Sand's Ohio Battery, 1862
• Presumably retained by veterans and descent until guidon surfaced at an Ohio gun show.
• Acquired by Paul H. North, Jr. of Columbus, Ohio, until 1971/72.
• Sold to Howard M. Madaus of Cody, Wyoming, until 2000.
• Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection from the Madaus Flag Collection of Cody, WY, in 2000.

Sources:



Madaus, Howard M.- Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict, VZ Publications, Santa Cruz, 2006.

Woodhead, Henry, ed., Flags, Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of The Union, New York, Time Life Books, 1998.

US Army Quartermaster General, Flags of the Army of the United States carried during the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865, to designate the headquarters of the different armies, army corps, divisions and brigades, Washington, D.C., 1887.

Todd, Frederick P., American Military Equipage 1851-1872, Volume 2, Providence, The Company of Military Historians, 1977.

Madaus, Howard M., correspondence to Ben Zaricor, 29 March 2000, Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.

Image Credits:
Zaricor Flag Collection



Hoist & Fly

Width of Hoist 26.5
Length of Fly 38.5

Stripes

Width of Last Stripe 13
Size of Hoist 2

Frame

Is it framed? yes
Frame Height 33
Frame Length 46

Stars

Are there stars on obverse? no
Are there stars on reverse? no

Stripes

Number of Stripes 2
Color of Top Stripe Red
Color of Bottom Stripe White
Has a Blood Stripe? no

Crest/Emblem

Description of Crest/Emblem Text : "SAND's OHIO Battery" & "New Madrid. Island 10."

Nationality

Nation Represented United States

Fabric

Fabric Silk

Stitching

Stitching Hand

Attachment

Method of Attachment Sleeve

Applica

Applique Sides Double Faced = Reads correctly on both sides

Documentation

Documents



Drawings




Research Documents









Public Copy & Signs





Condition

Condition Good
Damage Missing parts of flag on top and bottom. Dark stains on top. Shows moderate use.
Displayable yes

Date

Date 1862

Exhibits

Exhibition Copy Exhibition History
First Presidio Exhibit
(ZFC0411)
UNITED STATES ARMY LIGHT ARTILLERY GUIDON OF SANDS 11TH OHIO BATTERY OF LIGHT ARTILLERY
Date: 1862
Media: Silk, hand stitched, with painted inscriptions
Comment: Most of the pre-Civil War artillery was known as foot artillery because they served in garrisons or forts manning their heavy guns. Within each of the four artillery regiments of the army, however, since the War with Mexico, two companies of each regiment had been detailed as light batteries and were equipped as field artillery so as to be able to accompany infantry on campaign. When the American Civil War broke out, the states furnished large numbers of light artillery batteries for the same purpose. Light or field artillery batteries were treated as mounted units since horses drew the guns to and in the field. As such, prior to the War, some of the Regular Army field batteries had equipped themselves with the red over white swallowtail cavalry guidon. Numerous state volunteer batteries formed during the War did so also. Captain Sands 11th Ohio Battery of Volunteer Light Artillery was no exception. In early 1862 they would receive this swallow-tailed guidon with both the unit nickname and two battle honors commemorating the batterys actions along the Mississippi River in March and April of 1862. At Luka in September, Sands Battery would be overrun and decimated. Its guidon, happily, was saved at the time.
Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0411) in 2000 from the Madaus Flag Collection of Cody, WY.


Second Presidio Exhibit, 2003 - Gallery III
(ZFC0411)
United States Army Light Artillery Guidon Sands 11th Ohio Battery

Date: 1862
Media: Silk, hand-stitched with painted inscriptions
Comment: Most of the regular Armys pre-Civil War artillery was known as foot artillery because they served in garrisons or forts manning their heavy guns. However, within each of the four artillery regiments of the Army, beginning with the War with Mexico, two companies per regiment were detailed as light batteries and were equipped as field artillery so as to be able to accompany infantry on campaign. When the American Civil War broke out, the states furnished large numbers of light artillery batteries for the same purpose. Light (or field) artillery batteries were treated as mounted units since horses drew the guns to and in the field. Because of this, prior to the War some of the regular Army field batteries had equipped themselves with the red over white swallowtailed cavalry guidon. Numerous state volunteer batteries formed during the War did so as well. Captain Sands 11th Ohio Battery of Volunteer Light Artillery was no exception. In 1862 they received this swallowtailed guidon bearing both the unit nickname and two battle honors commemorating the batterys actions along the Mississippi River in March and April of 1862. At Iuka in September, Confederate infantry overran and captured Sands Battery. Its guidon, happily, was saved at the time.

Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0411) in 2000 from the Madaus Flag Collection of Cody, WY.

Publication History:

Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 80.

United States Army Light Artillery Guidon
Sands 11th Ohio Battery

Most of the regular Armys pre-Civil War artillery was known as foot artillery because they served in garrisons or forts manning their heavy guns. However, within each of the four artillery regiments of the Army, beginning with the War with Mexico, two companies per regiment were detailed as light batteries and were equipped as field artillery so as
to be able to accompany infantry on campaign. When the American Civil War broke out, the states furnished large numbers of light artillery batteries for the same purpose. Lightor fieldartillery batteries were treated as mounted units since horses drew the guns in the field. Because some of the regular Army field batteries had equipped themselves with the red over white swallowtailed cavalry guidon prior to 1861, many state volunteer batteries formed during the War did so as well. Captain Sands 11th Ohio Battery of Volunteer Light Artillery was no exception. In 1862 they received this swallowtailed guidon bearing both the unit nickname and two battle honors. At Iuka, Mississippi, in September, Confederate infantry overran and captured Sands Battery. This guidon, happily, was saved at the time.

Date: 1862
Size: 26.5" hoist x 38.5" fly
Media: Silk, hand-stitched with painted inscriptions
Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection in 2000 from the Madaus Flag Collection of Cody, WY.
ZFC0411
PDF for Publications
Echoes of Glory - Union - Flags - ZFC Collection items

Publications

Publication Copy Woodhead, Henry, Editor, Howard Michael Madaus, Civil War Flag Authority Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of The Union - Flags. Alexandria, Time-Life Books, 1998. P.269.



Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 80.