Obverse
Obverse

Obverse

Oblique from Hoist

Oblique from Hoist

Obverse Detail 3

Obverse Detail 3

Obverse Detail 4

Obverse Detail 4

Obverse Detail 5

Obverse Detail 5

Lower Hoist Damage

Lower Hoist Damage

Lower Hoist Damage - 2

Lower Hoist Damage - 2

Oblique from Hoist

Oblique from Hoist

Oblique from hiost - 2

Oblique from hiost - 2

Toggle detail

Toggle detail

Toggle detail - 2

Toggle detail - 2

Lower Hoist Rope Damage

Lower Hoist Rope Damage

Obverse Detail 6

Obverse Detail 6

Obverse Detail 7

Obverse Detail 7

Obverse Detail 8

Obverse Detail 8

Obverse Detail 9

Obverse Detail 9

Upper Fly Damage

Upper Fly Damage

Lower Fly Damage

Lower Fly Damage

Oblique from fly

Oblique from fly

Lower Hoist - Damage

Lower Hoist - Damage

Obverse Detail 1

Obverse Detail 1

Obverse Detail 2

Obverse Detail 2

ZFC1089

France Ensign, Battleship Richelieu WWII, 1944.

Sub-collection: Bullock // WWII Naval Battle Flag

A French ensign from the famous WWII battleship 'Richelieu'.
This French ensign was formerly part of the collection of Wall Street financier, business man and promoter of Franco-American goodwill Calvin Bullock. His 1 Wall street offices in New York City contained world leading collections of memorabilia pertaining to Napoleon & Lord Nelson. In the 1930s he sought to collect Confederate Flags and during World War II he acquired a representative collection of US, British, French and other allied ensigns from his many international, military and naval acquaintances. After his death in 1944 his son, Hugh Bullock kept the flags on display as a memorial to his late father.

This flag comes from the 'Richelieu'; a famous WWII French Battleship that the served both the Vichy and Free French. On the 24th September, Richelieu fought against Allied naval forces at the Battle of Dakar. In November 1942, when French forces in Africa joined the Allies, this battleship sailed to New York Navy Yard for refitting; arriving on the 30th January 1943 and leaving on the 10th October of the same year. From November of 1943 to the March of 1944, Richelieu assisted the British Home Fleet operating near the Norwegian Coast. She was eventually transferred over to the British Easter Fleet in order to stand in for British battleships undergoing refits.



According to Bullock family documentation, this was "One of the flags used aboard the RICHELIEU". It was given to Calvin Bullock by Vice Admiral R. Fenard, Chief of the French Naval Mission in the U.S., in the August of 1943. Seeing as the Richelieu was repaired at the Brooklyn Navy Yard in 1943, this flag almost certainly dates from that visit. This flag was hung on the South Wall of Calvin Bullock's office.




ZFC Significant Flag

Provenance:
• Free French battleship "Richelieu", 1943.
• Acquired by Vice Admiral R. Fenard, Chief of the French Naval Mission in the U.S., 1943.
• Presented to Calvin Bullock, New York, New York, August 1943.
• Calvin Bullock Collection, until passing, June 1944.
• By bequest to Hugh Bullock, until passing. 1966.
• By descent in Bullock family to daughter of Hugh Bullock, until 1997
• Purchased for the Zaricor Flag Collection by private treaty from the estate of Calvin Bullock, New York City, 1997.


Sources:



Mars 1943 : La corvette Aconit au combat, Corvette FNFL Aconit, Net-Marine, 16 FRENCH BATTLESHIP "RICHELIEU" video newsreel film, British Pathe Ltd, 16 November 2011, from:
http://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=12201

French battleship Richelieu, Wikipedia, 16 November 2011, from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_battleship_Richelieu_%281939%29

Richelieu, World War II Database, 16 November 2011, from: http://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=107

Image Credits:
Zaricor Flag Collection
British Pathe Ltd,





Hoist & Fly

Width of Hoist 91
Length of Fly 154

Stripes

Width of 1st Stripe 52
Width of 3rd Stripe 52
Width of Last Stripe 52
Size of Hoist 1.5

Frame

Is it framed? no

Stars

How are the stars embeded? Sewn
Are there stars on obverse? no
Are there stars on reverse? no

Stripes

Number of Stripes 3
Color of Top Stripe Blue
Color of Bottom Stripe Red
Has a Blood Stripe? no
Comments on Stripes Blue is dark

Nationality

Nation Represented France

Fabric

Fabric Wool
Comments on Fabric Bunting

Stitching

Stitching Machine

Thread

Thread Material Cotton

Weave

Type of Weave Tricot

Attachment

Comments on Method of Attachmen cord with clips
Method of Attachment Ties

Applica

Applique Sides Double Sided = Two sides different

Documentation

Documents



Drawings
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.
Research Documents









Public Copy & Signs
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.

Condition

Condition Poor
Damage Torn on right side and on hoist
Trending to fair
Displayable yes

Date

Date 1944