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|Exhibition Copy||Exhibition History:
(ZFC0276) MORAGA ROOM FLAG LABEL - Jan. 2003
37-STAR UNITED STATES FLAG Date: About 1867-1876 Medium: Silk; machine stitched Comment: Represented as a flag related to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Text hand written on label under flag: Washington D.C. November 2, 1922. This is to certify that this silk flag 16X25.5 with 2 = 1iX16i = Red, White + Blue streamers. Now in possession of Daten Heitneuller was draped on the coffin of the President Abraham Lincoln in Philadelphia, Pa. in Independence Hall, April 21, 1865 and was presented to my mother, Mrs. Caughlin by Joe Stevy, the Guard. It was common practice in 19th century America to add stars to the flag prior to the official date of entry, July 4th. Congressional action would be before that date and even anticipated before Congress officially acted. At the time of Lincolns death in 1865 there were 35, 36 and 37-star flags in circulation. The 35th, West Virginia, was unanticipated until 1863 when a section of Virginia (northwest part of the state) seceded from Virginia due to the slavery issue; the 36th, Nevada, was anticipated before and official in 1865; the 37th star, Nebraska, though anticipated was delayed for 3 years prior to Congressional action on March 1, 1867 and the official entry date July 4, 1867. During those three years the anticipation of flag makers resulted in a number of 36 and 37 star flags in 1865. The ribbons attached are believed contemporary to this period. Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0276) in 1997 from Greg Martin of San Francisco, CA.
Special Memorial Day Display
Flags on Easels in the Moraga Room and Moraga annex
Presidio of San Francisco's Officers Club
Memorial Day 2003
37-Star United States Flag
Date: Purportedly 1865; the 37-star flag became official on 4 July 1867 to recognize Nebraska's admission to the Union on 1 March 1867.
Comment: According to the family tradition and a note written in 1922 by the former owner, this flag was placed upon the coffin of Abraham Lincoln when his cortege stopped in Philadelphia on its journey back to Springfield, Illinois, in April 1865. The incongruity between the family claim and the number of stars on the flag presents a major difficulty with the story, reminiscent of the 1870 recitation of the family history of Betsy Ross.
Chicago Meeting December, 2003
37-Star U.S. Flag (Abraham Lincolns Funeral)
Medium: Printed silk flag
Comment: In April of 1865 Southern malcontents in revenge for the Northern triumph assassinated President Abraham Lincoln over the South. The shocked and stunned country embraced their martyred President as never before. The funeral of Abraham Lincoln was a process rather than an event, and crowds flocked to railroad stations along the route from Washington, D.C. to Springfield, Illinois. Mementos of the funeral became quite popular with mourners. One practice was to have a personal flag placed briefly on the coffin. This 37-star U.S. flag is believed to be such a memorial piece related to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
The hand written label under flag reads: Washington DC November 2 1922. This is to certify that this silk flag 16X25.5 with 2 = 1iX16i = Red, White + Blue streamers. Now in possession of Daten Heitneuller was draped on the coffin of the President Abraham Lincoln in Philadelphia, Pa. in Independence Hall, April 21, 1865 and was presented to my mother, Mrs. Caughlin by Joe Stevy, the Guard.
Although the 37-star flag would not become official until 1867, it was common practice in 19th century America to add stars to the flag prior to the official date of entry, July 4th. Congressional action would be before that date and even anticipated before Congress officially acted. At the time of Lincoln's death in 1865 there were 35, 36 and 37 star flags in circulation.
University of California - Santa Cruz
Board of Councilors Meeting, 7 June 2012
Rare Flags Exhibit
Santa Cruz, CA, June 7, 2012: The Zaricor Flag Collection exhibited 34 flags and artifacts at the University of California Santa Cruz Campus for the Board of Councilors Meeting.
37 Star U.S.
"Lincoln Funeral" Flag
Media: Printed silk flag and grosgrain ribbon.
Comment: This small 37 star silk flag 16" X 25.5" was placed on the casket
of President Abraham Lincoln while the body lay in state in Independence Hall
Philadelphia, Pa., 22 and 23 April 1865. Secretary of War William Stanton
imposed restrictions regarding the body's disposition while it was on public view,
which included his infamous edict that no photographs were to be allowed of the
President's body nor flags placed on the casket, both which were followed except
for the clandestine act of Jeremiah Gurney's photograph of the body lying in state
in City Hall in N.Y. The photographs we confiscated and destroyed and thought
to be lost until a single copy was rediscovered in 1952 in the Illinois State
This is the only documented flag placed on Abraham Lincoln's casket during the
viewing at Independence Hall. Like the photograph, this flag went unnoticed by
historians because the 37 star flag did not become official (earliest date) 1 March
1867, two years after the death of Lincoln. However, what was not widely known
is that the 37th state, Nebraska made three attempts to have the state constitution
accepted by Congress, prerequisite to joining the Union but twice rejected in
1864 and again in 1865 and accepted in 1867. In the Zaricor Collection there are
two documented 37 star flags of the same construction and size plus a third flag,
which indicates at least two flag companies anticipated Nebraska's entry into the
Union in 1864/65. Thus 37 star flags were available to the general public at the
time of the president's funeral.
Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0276) in 1996 the
family of Mrs. Anna Cooper by Greg Martin via Private Treaty, San Francisco, CA.
The Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation & Library
LIFE AND TIMES OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Simi Valley, CA
1 June 2014 to 30 September 2014