Exhibits


Title information is available upon specific request. Additional information available upon request to researchers, writers and others demonstrating special circumstances. In some situations, information may not be available.
Exhibition Copy Exhibition History
First Presidio Exhibit
(ZFC0630)
18-STAR UNITED STATES "EXCLUSIONARY" FLAG
Date: 1860
Medium: Cotton; hand-stitched
Comment: This flag flew on the ship United States when it departed Boston harbor in 1860 on the Hayes Arctic Expedition. Only 18 stars, arranged in two concentric rings around a center star, grace the union of this flag, although 33 stars should have been represented in the canton. Given the Boston origin of the expedition, it is probable that the makers of this flag excluded stars for the 15 slave states from the union of this flag. During late 1860, rabid secessionists in several Southern states were already applying the same principle in reverse, making United States flags with only 15 stars (i.e. one for each of the slave states).
Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0630) in 2002 from the Mastai Flag Collection of New York City through auction at Sotheby's.


Second Presidio Exhibit, 2003 - GALLERY III
(ZFC0630)
18-Star United States "Exclusionary Flag"
Date: 1860 Medium:
Cotton; hand-stitched
Comment: This flag flew on the ship United States when it departed Boston harbor in 1860 on the Hayes Arctic Expedition. Only 18 stars, arranged in two concentric rings around a center star, grace the union of this flag, although 33 stars should have been represented in the canton. Given the Boston origin of the expedition, it is probable that the makers of this flag excluded stars for the 15 slave states from the union of this flag. During late 1860, rabid secessionists in several Southern states were already applying the same principle in reverse, making United States flags with only 15 stars (i.e. one for each of the slave states.)
Provenance: Acquired by the Zaricor Flag Collection (ZFC0630) in 2002 from the Mastai Flag Collection through auction at Sotheby's of New York City.
PDF for Publications
Preble - ZFC0630

Publications


Title information is available upon specific request. Additional information available upon request to researchers, writers and others demonstrating special circumstances. In some situations, information may not be available.
Publication Copy Preble, Rear Admiral George Henry, History of the Flag of the United States, Boston, A. Williams & Co., 1880, P.387.

"…On the fourth day of March, 1861, Dr. Hayes hoisted a flag in honor of Abraham Lincoln, who was supposed to be the President of the United States, though the fact was not known until August 14, when the expedition arrived at Uppernavick on its return. The flag was made by F. L. Harris, and a curious circumstance connected with it is, that it was made with only eighteen stars, from lack of material. When the news of the election of Lincoln was received, five months afterwards, it was found that a rebellion had broken out in the Southern States, leaving only about eighteen States true to the Union."


Madaus, Howard M., Dr, Whitney Smith, The American Flag: Two Centuries of Concord and Conflict. Santa Cruz: VZ Publications, 2006, p. 61.
This flag flew on the ship United States when it departed Boston harbor during the James Buchanan presidency in 1860 on the Arctic Expedition led by Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes. Only 18 stars, arranged in two concentric rings around a center star, grace the union of this flag, although 33 stars should have been represented in the canton. Given the Boston origin of the expedition, the makers of this flag excluded stars for the 15 slave states from the union of this flag. During late 1860, rabid secessionists in several Southern states were already applying the same principle in reverse, making United States flags with only 15 stars-one for each of the slave states. Dr. Hayes returned from the Arctic Expedition and joined the Union Army during the Civil War. Commissioned as a major and assigned as a surgeon to the Sattwell General Hospital in Philadelphia, he was eventually brevetted colonel for his service. He returned to the Arctic once more after the war before settling in New York City, which he represented in the New York State Assembly, until his death in 1881.
Publication Images
Preble Cover

Preble Cover

Preble - Frontispiece

Preble - Frontispiece

Preble - Pp. 386-387

Preble - Pp. 386-387

Preble - Pp. 387-389

Preble - Pp. 387-389

Flag Books
All original documents and drawings are held in the Zaricor Flag Collection Archives.

Title information is available upon specific request. Additional information available upon request to researchers, writers and others demonstrating special circumstances. In some situations, information may not be available.